Monday, November 28, 2016

Financial assistance from the state: 2104 Euro subsidies per inhabitant – FAZ – Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

public coffers allow the politicians to show themselves generous. The financial aid and tax benefits, according to calculations by Claus-Friedrich Laaser and Astrid Rose from the Kiel Institute for the world economy as high as never before. You will come to subsidies from 168,7 billion euros for the past year or 2104 Euro per inhabitant. The associated extra expenditure and loss of revenue are ten times higher than the revenue from the solidarity surcharge.

Manfred schäfer author: Manfred Schäfers, Economics correspondent in Berlin.

According to the findings of the Kiel researchers were turning the subsidies to the century never as low as in 2007, with EUR 141.2 billion euros. In the Wake of the financial crisis, it increased to 166.3 billion euros in 2010. Thereafter, the development was on the decline, but only briefly. Since 2013, it is with the subsidies back to the top.

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Traditionally, the Kiel Economists assign a lot more under the term subsidy as the Federal government, according to come on significantly higher values. You expect, for example, the free allocation of carbon dioxide emissions trading certificates, as well as support for public transport and facilities such as hospitals, day-care centres, theatres, museums.

2016 flow of 23 billion euros, according to the Ministry of Finance

in Contrast, the Ministry of Finance concentrates its subsidy term benefits for private enterprises and industries. The official report quantifies the financial assistance and tax benefits to 21.8 billion euros in the past year, to nearly 23 billion Euro this year.

According to the findings of the lasa and Rose the Weights have in the past 15 years of the “shifted hard” to “soft” subsidies. “During the Millennium, nearly 70 percent of the subsidies to the corporate sector, in turn, have been forgiven, were it in the year 2015, only 53.7 per cent,” they write.

The subsidies to the corporate sector, had absolutely declined to 12.8 billion Euro. Correspondingly, the distortion have been extended according to your specifications during this time, Transfers and grants to public and private non-profit organisations: around 33 billion euros, so that their share of 30.4 percent, rose to 46.3 percent.

“blooming issue of imagination”

economists warn, to downplay the “soft” subsidies, because they were a burden to the taxpayers. “The cost of prosperity, and they should also be documented.” If it is, for example, is funding the potential for the refugee cost deduction tyres, they should not be omitted.

For the current year, a comprehensive Overview is missing. However, the two Economists assume that the tax benefits will amount to 60.6 billion euros, which would be almost 400 million euros less than in the previous year. The main reason: declining donations to corporate successor in order to avoid inheritance tax. Increased tax revenue there is due to the sales tax preferences in the health sector and in the cultural sector, they write.

infographic / record subsidies

How Laaser and Rose to lift, will increase the financial aid from the Federal budget this year of 8.4 billion euros, or 18.8 per cent compared to the previous year. The largest Item, the settlement of non-insurance services to the legal is health insurance.

The big transport-related subsidies, they amount to almost 20 billion Euro (including pension expenditure for the former railway officials). Her conclusion: With the influx of Refugees has to do with the subsidy increase. To meet “instead of Provisions for foreseeable future problems, blooms the output of the imagination of political leaders.”


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