Wfor traveling from Germany to China on the train, there is probably a railway enthusiast with a lot of time. One of those buffer kisser or Trainspotter, from cumbersome border formalities, the elaborate Changing of the Waggons on the different gauges of the tracks and the views of the vast Expanses of Siberia or Mongolia, not to be deterred. Or is he a tough business computing man who sends his goods by Rail travel.
And to do that, more and more companies. The East-West transport of goods between Germany and the people’s Republic is booming. For the Deutsche Bahn (DB) is the TRANS-continental transport of goods on the rails of an ever more rewarding business, which will now be significantly expanded. “We expect the year-end of 2016, a record amount of Container transports between China and Germany”, says railway Board Ronald Pofalla, the “world”. “Over 40,000 containers a decent increase over the previous year,” says the 57-Year-old, who is in the DB group, among other things, General Plenipotentiary for international relations.
“This is a good Foundation to achieve by the year 2020, our big goal is to triple the number of containers to approximately 100,000 per year, compared to 2014, tripled,” said Pofalla. “China wants to invest in the next few years about 300 billion euros in its transport infrastructure. As a Partner, we can benefit from the growth story of the Chinese."
The path of the raisins out of the picks
rail freight transport, the large is actually the weak point of the Deutsche Bahn. A Billion write-down on the chronic weakening freight train DB Cargo had been pushed in the past year, the entire track group is in the loss zone; the majority of the large European state Railways have earned in the goods transport on the Rail with little or makes losses. The connection Germany-China is a success story.
This is due to the fact that the far East traffic are measured in terms of the overall business of a niche and relatively manageable piece of have to pay. In addition, the Deutsche Bahn for the China business picks up as it tracks to do the small goods otherwise also, the raisins and runs only those services which are really worth it.
electronic items from Duisburg to Chongqing will be Transported. Parts for the automobile manufacturer from the Czech Republic and Leipzig to Shenyang. Components for the telecommunications industry of the Baltic States to China, or cosmetics to Kazakhstan. Were so, which were previously transported by ship or aircraft.
Other gauge, cold, new staff
and Now air freight is expensive and is only worthwhile in certain cases. The Transport by train is around 75 percent cheaper than the transport with planes, create it in less than ten hours from China to Europe. The large container ships that transport the majority of goods between the far East and Europe consuming the cheapest transport alternative, however, also the time. The East-West freight trains – door-to-door almost twice as fast as ocean freight. An average of 14 to 16 days are the trains on the 10,000 to 12,000-Kilometer-long distances on the road.
The land pays for products in a quick and more economical than the air cargo transported – like Action of the clothing industry and capital-intensive goods (automotive parts, electronics). The freight costs are up to 50 per cent, above the prices for the ocean freight.
in Addition, the rail transportation carries with it some risks: The connection leads, depending on the route by at least five countries. Therefore, for example, customs, problems may occur. The operation of the route between China, Russia and Western Europe, therefore, it is always a piece of far from the stable political situation.
in Addition, the track width, i.e. the distance between the inner edges of the rails, in Russia, unlike in China and Germany. Therefore, the containers have to be transhipped twice. And finally, locomotives and staff need to be regularly replaced. Finally, all of the Goods are not suitable to be in the Winter across Siberia to transport some cargo is too sensitive to the cold.
An exchange of goods with “zero point something” percent
In March 2005, had the track for the first time, four test trains sent, which should prove that the project “TRANS-Eurasian land bridge” can be successful. The first regular freight train to China started in 2008, three years later, was taken on the longest rail link in the world of the regular weekly container traffic.
2014 rolled around 300 trains, by 2015, about 400 trains with a capacity of 35,000 containers. Nevertheless, Bahn chief Rüdiger Grube with the far East was not connection long satisfied. In 2014, he growled that the Deutsche Bahn was involved in the annual exchange of goods with China, only with “zero point something” percent, and this must change.
in the Meantime, there are companies that Charter complete trains or single container transports. It will be driving a Northern Route through Siberia and Mongolia and Südtrasse by Kazakhstan, Belarus and Russia. The trains rolling in both directions. There are currently Links between the city of Chongqing and Duisburg, the Zhengzhou and Hamburg, Wuhan and Duisburg/Hamburg, Changsha and Duisburg, Suzhou and Warsaw, as well as Shenyang and Leipzig.
The shipping companies have so far reacted calmly to the China-traffic of the railway. “There is a need for this type of transport, but our member companies to see this offer not as a rival or even as a threat,” said last, a spokesman for the Association of German shipowners (VDR). Probably, it is the piece of the alley, the calm, the shipowners pay. A train in the direction of the far East currently consists of about 50 containers. The largest vessels can carry about 19,000 standard containers.