The OECD sees Germany in the integration of refugees in the right direction. was indeed in this country was a lot wrong in the past 30 years, faced with the refugee crisis, the competent authorities had taken pioneering correct decisions in the past year.
“in Germany, has done a lot in the past year, and there have been very significant improvements in the integration process,” said Thomas Liebig, labor market expert of the organization. “The conditions for a successful integration are better today, and the economic situation is very good. Therefore, I believe that we will see a more rapid integration of the fugitives than in the past.”
Basically, refugees have greater difficulty than other migrants to find a job and thus to take a crucial hurdle in social integration. In the past, it took about ten years after the arrival, to the majority of the fugitives had been found in the EU a place.
And only after up to 20 years was among the asylum seekers an equally high proportion employed as among the native-born citizens. These are the findings of a study by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the European Commission. But researchers have analyzed extensive data from refugees who have immigrated, 2014.
The European study shows that it is more difficult for Germany partly in the past few decades than other EU countries to integrate refugees into the labor market. In this country, it therefore lasted far longer than in other European countries, to refugees sufficiently well mastered the language to find a job.
Qualifications are unbureaucratic recognized
since then, however much did: have two years ago among the refugees who were in the country for ten years, only 40 per cent of German spoken on the advanced level B1, with the most everyday situations can be mastered. In Sweden and Italy dominated more than 80 percent of the fugitives after ten years the language at this level; in Spain it was even almost all. “Germany was here sad tail light,” says Liebig.
Language skills are not only a decisive factor for the integration, but are usually a prerequisite to ever to find a job. Here Germany had made tremendous progress in the past year, says OECD expert Liebig. The results showed by participants in the current integration courses. Accordingly, now talking 60 percent of the fugitives after a short time German at an advanced level.
it also makes Germany jobseekers far easier than before, they have acquired in their home countries recognize skills allow. That was in the past often extremely difficult, especially since German employers laid far stronger than companies in other countries emphasis on formal qualifications and diplomas.
On the run can migrants generally do not bring the relevant documents to Germany and accordingly difficult it is for them to prove their qualifications. Common knowledge is not documented in any case or employers can do much with the financial statements from abroad. Escaped therefore often find employment commensurate with their qualifications and work in jobs in which a large part of their qualification is broke.
competencies after arriving detected
the authorities in this country are therefore in the past year, given the high number of the country Come refugee become much more pragmatic. The competence of the newcomers are already recognized very early after arrival. Refugees can prove in tests or work experience under observation by potential employers their skills and knowledge, rather than account with certificates. “Right after the beginning of the refugee crisis, the German authorities have announced the skills to quickly grasp and use,” says Liebig. There is to many good approaches at regional and local level, although a nationwide approach still missing.
The Federal Employment Agency counted last 153,000 Escaped who viewed had been unemployed. Also in August visited 193,000 asylum seekers in this country integration and professional integration courses to learn German and to prepare for life and work life. Federal Agency chief Frank-Jürgen Weise expects that the majority of refugees, after five to six years have a spot. Migration Expert Liebig considers this estimate to the improvement in the integration of realistic.
He and his colleagues also expect the good economic situation will help refugees quickly into work. Currently, as many people in this country are in employment than ever before, and unemployment is at historically low levels. Economic experts forecast that the economy will grow above average in this year and next. Employment should therefore continue to increase slightly in the coming year.
In relation to the state budget expenditures were controlled
in many sectors of the labor market is even emptied and the companies complain of a lack of skilled workers – especially in the crafts. Here, the OECD sees many opportunities for refugees and points to good experiences from Sweden. There would refugees who are qualified to potentially work in shortage occupations, channeled into an accelerated procedure by various integration measures. They would initially made as fit in slimmed bridge courses that they could work as temporary employees at least to be able to then acquire additional skills in the workplace and in other courses can.
Despite the apparently greatly improved conditions for integration, it is likely to be costly and cumbersome to accommodate hundreds of thousands of refugees on the German labor market. Then already indicate forecasts for the current year: The Institute for the World Economy Kiel (IfW) expects for example, that the German government will spend this year around 20 billion euros for Escaped. “This is a substantial sum,” says IfW expert Jens Boysen-Hogrefe. Accounting for around 1.4 percent of the total state budget expenditure were however “manageable”. In addition, German Finance Minister Schäuble and his colleagues in the states and municipalities, despite this expenditure in the first half 2016 would have generated a record surplus.