The migration of refugees is not a substitute for immigration, says BDI President Grillo. He wishes by politics more courage.
A year ago, in the night of 4 to 5 September, met Chancellor Angela Merkel ( CDU), the decision to open the borders to refugees. The president of the industry association BDI, Ulrich Grillo, attracting a critical mid-term review.
to the decision of the Chancellor has proved to be a curse or a blessing for the economy?
Ulrich Grillo: Neither! With rapid success no one could expect. It was clear from the outset that the migration of refugees is not a substitute for controlled immigration. There is absolutely no point to mix the issues of asylum and immigration controlled together. There is a shortage of skilled workers in many industries. That leaves itself through better integration of refugees is not solved quickly. Without controlled immigration our companies and their employees are suffering – and, incidentally, our social system. The longer the policy defers the execution, the greater the pressure on future generations.
Are you as optimistic as the Chancellor? Masters we the refugee crisis
Ulrich Grillo: We can do this. And it would be good if we can make it. How we do that depends on the policy. The phrase alone is too vague. It is not that the legislature would have been idle since last autumn. Also demands of big business for a faster labor market access of refugees were met – for example with the Integration Act and its principle of “challenge and support”. Overall, we would have liked a little more courage. would make sense to suspend the prohibition of employment in temporary work.
Undertakes the economy because enough to bring refugees to work?
Ulrich Grillo: The German economy is doing much to integrate refugees. This is tedious, think than some. Integration can succeed, but it requires time and patience – and wise conditions. Are necessary language and integration courses and welcome classes. Only then the economy may allow the start of a training through internships and entry qualifications. It is unnecessary if a pointing a finger at the other. This should be avoided in the oncoming election campaign.
The Chancellor invites German companies in a few days to a refugee summit. Expect a breakthrough
Ulrich Grillo: In principle, it is always good when politics and business talk. However, there are clear responsibilities. The companies will have no magic wand. The policy has set the legal framework – also to adjust refugees in Germany. Binding commitments on settings no one can enter. But satisfied, to work together so integration successfully succeed – that both sides can
What exactly do you require from the government
Ulrich Grillo: the biggest hurdles for employment are still insufficient language skills and the lack of formal qualifications. Three quarters of the job-seeking refugees have no formal training. Only about one in ten graduates. Priority for the economy are a comprehensive language support and identifying the skills of newcomers. Additionally, the policy must act diplomatically and politically in order not to overwhelm our society. So the BDI advocates the efforts of German development policy to focus on the creation of live prospects in the countries of origin. Where better conditions economic prospects provide, people will prefer to stay in their home.
In Germany, many refugees end up in undeclared work. How can this be prevented
Ulrich Grillo: We must succeed in bringing fugitives better and faster in official employment, keyword-time work. Already in the first months of refugees must quickly get quotes for entry into work. This may also include forms of self-employment in small businesses. This would facilitate integration. Too many refugees wait for completion of asylum and appeals process. Many are attached in the required language and integration courses or skills training. More speed would help.